Aliphatic hydrocarbons are an aliphatic compound that contains carbon and hydrogen. These hydrocarbons are derived from fats and oils through a chemical process. There are three groups in which they can be classified: alkanes, alkenes and alkynes. The main difference is the number of bonds in each compound: alkanes possess a single bond, alkenes have a double bond and alkynes a triple bond. They are widely used in the production of paints and coatings.
Aromatic hydrocarbons are derived from various plant extracts that contain a pleasant smell. These hydrocarbons contain a special stability and are classified into two categories: arenes or nonbenzenoid aromatic hydrocarbons. Arenes possess a benzene ring, while the nonbenzenoid classification does not. These hydrocarbons are mainly used in the production of model glues and as a solvent in paint.